The sinuses are cavities filled with air located in the cheekbones, the forehead, and behind the nasal septum or the bridge of the nose. When inflammation happens, the sinuses swell and the pressure causes a throbbing headache.
Pain management for sinus headaches often come in the form of homeopathic treatments, medications, or in some rare but serious cases, surgery.
OTC pain relievers
Medications like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or naproxen sodium can alleviate the pain. If you still feel headaches especially near your cheekbones or nose, try to use a decongestant to reduce swelling in your sinuses. If you are allergic to dust or pollen, your headaches might be a symptom of allergic rhinitis; try to take antihistamine allergy drugs.
Because dry nasal passages will further irritate and swell your sinuses, use a humidifier or vaporizer to keep your nasal passage moist. If there is none available, try a saline solution nasal spray or you can even place a warm, wet towel over your face and lie for a few minutes.
Lavage or nasal irrigation can be done to dislodge mucus from nasal passages, which may be a cause for the swelling of sinuses. Make sure to use distilled or sterile water for the irrigation solution.
Sometimes, defect in the sinuses irritate the area that triggers headaches. If you feel that home treatments and medications are not working, and your headache is accompanied by other symptoms such as pain and swelling in the face, consult a doctor right away. Surgery can correct the defects on your sinuses and alleviate the pain.
[Photo Credit: Bryan Gosline on Flickr]